Following are the useful Linux commands. If you use these Linux commands that will help you a lot if you plan to learn Linux.
It will show your operating system name.
This Linux command will show you the name and version of the operating system which you are using.
This command will show you all the detail about your operating system.
This command will show you all the commands that you have recently typed in your terminal.
It means list
ls will show you the list of files in that folder.
cd .. for one folder back
it means that you are in system folder. You are linked. All permissions are allowed for you.
permissions means that you can execute any thing.
it means that you are in the user folder or user disk. And in user folder you cannot run any file.
You have no permisions there and you cannot run any file. If you have to run any file then you first allow
to enter to any folder write cd and then folder name. e.g cd desktop
ls means list of directories.
touch command is used for creating any file. e.g touch courseshub
rm will delete the file. e.g rm courseshub
this command will help you to create directory
e.g mkdir courseshub
If you write separate folder then you can create it once
mkdir courseshub free courses
so the above command will create three folders
rmdir direcotory name
above command will delete directory
this command is used for copying
For copying files you have to use below command
e.g cp filename /root/desktop/umer
For copying folder you have to use below command.
cpdir directoryName distination directory
e.g cpdir umer /root/desktop/asad
to copy umer directory to asad directry
chmod +x filename
This command is used to give permision to any file that you want to execute.
Syntax: chomod +x filename
For example: I want the permision to “the choise” to execute then I will write the above command link
chmod +x thechoise
the choise color will go green when it got permission.
this command is used to run/execute any script
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